The availability of gender-disaggregated statistics for target 18 indicators is limited. At the same time, major differences remain, between developed and developing countries, and on a regional basis Table 1. Over the last 15 years, access to ICTs has been growing at high speed, always exceeding global economic growth. These concerns are minimal for the number of telephone subscribers. There are also comparability issues for mobile subscribers due to the prevalence of pre-paid subscriptions. For analytical purposes the indicator on Personal Computers is often used as a proxy for Internet uptake. In Africa, still only four percent of the population was estimated to be using the internet.
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Income levels refer to the World Bank classification. Low-income economies modeem for over a third of world population, but only 3 per cent of wealth. A major divide has also developed in the area of broadband, or high-speed, Internet access.
Mdhmobile penetration had reached 15 per cent, five times the fixed rate. It is obvious that mobile has been critical for enhancing access to telecommunications in a region where fixed lines remain very limited. However, it is important to note that these survey results are not representative since they mldem to mainly highly developed countries.
Over the last 15 years, access to ICTs has been growing at high speed, always exceeding global economic growth.
It is not a surprise that there is a link between income levels and development, including in the area of ICTs. While many developed nations now carry out Internet user surveys conducted by national statistical offices or industry associations, only very few developing countries do so.
GDP data refer to end These concerns are minimal for the number of telephone subscribers.
In the case of most developing nations, internet users are calculated based on a multiplier factor of the number of subscribers. Disparities are smallest in the area of mobile subscribers, and greatest in the area of broadband subscribers and internet users.
File:Modem Octocom deutsche Version (MDG 14 MX-21).jpg
Another emerging issue jodem how to treat Internet access from mobile phones. There are also comparability issues for mobile subscribers due to the prevalence of pre-paid subscriptions. The extent of the digital divide is further illustrated in Figure 2, which looks at disparities in ICTs in terms of income levels.
These arise from differences in the time period chosen for considering when a pre-paid subscription is no longer active.
File:Modem Octocom deutsche Version (MDG 14 MX).jpg – Wikimedia Commons
At the same time, major differences remain, between developed and developing countries, and on a regional basis Table 1. At the end ofthere were 1.
The number of mobile subscribers overtook the number of fixed telephone lines in and by the end ofmore than one out of three people around the world had a mobile phone, up from one in in Transition countries of south-eastern Europe. Internet user penetration rates continue to vary greatly, though, with over 50 percent of the population mocem developed countries online, compared to only nine percent in the developing countries.
There are growing methodological issues in measuring the number of internet users. One factor contributing to the rapid growth in mobile cellular was the introduction of second-generation 2G digital systems, launched in the earlys and the high degree of competition in the sector.
The number of PCs per population was deleted and the indicator total fixed and mobile cellular telephone lines was separated into two separate indicators. Access to information and communication technologies, compared tovarious regions.
ITU has been discussing possibilities to enhance the capacity in developing nations to collect information and communication technology indicators. By the end ofthe telecommunication industry had experienced continuous growth, as well as rapid progress in policy and technology development, resulting in an increasingly competitive and networked world.
Access to fixed telephone networks almost doubled from 10 subscribers per inhabitants into Inequality in the distribution of ICTs is not as great as inequality in the distribution of global wealth. In alone, the African continent added almost 60 million new mobile cellular subscribers to its subscriber base, a figure equivalent to the total number of fixed and mobile telephone subscribers on the continent injust three years earlier. This represents an annual average growth rate of over 40 per cent, compared to just six per cent for fixed telephone line subscribers over the same period.
There are methodological, quality and availability issues related to the indicators used to measure Target After the success of 2G, more and more operators have launched IMT 3G mobile services, which promise extended services and opportunities, including internet access. As a whole, developing countries now account for 62 per cent of all fixed and mobile telephone subscribers in the world, up from just 19 per cent in The number of fixed lines has grown by some five per cent over the five-year period between the year and They can further help reduce major development concerns and contribute to the achievement of social development goals, including the MDGs.